An excerpt from the book “The USSR and the countries of capitalism” in 1937.
SSSR_i_strany_kapitalizma _-_ 1937_raspechatana
During the crisis in the United States, there were 200 thousand unemployed teachers; 65% of engineers, 50% of pharmacists, musicians had raboty.Zarabotok knowledge workers halved.
In 1934 in the United States of America, a teacher in Arkansas received 465 dollars a year in Mississippi – 474 dollars, in the State of Georgi – 561 USD per year. This is less than $ 10 a week, while a skilled factory worker produces $ 30 a week.
In 1932 Italy was declared a set of police. At 150 vacancies received thousands of proposals, a significant number of which came from people with higher education. City Government in Budapest announced the hiring cleaners streets. Of the 100 proposals received 12 came from people with higher education.
Worst position of the old artists, writers, musicians, and so on. D. They are often forced to beg. Last year, in America a famous chemist, a former university professor, member doctor Brendedzh numerous scientific societies in the age of 74 has been thrown out of the apartment for non-payment of debts. The police of the city of Budapest (Hungary) in 1932 issued a formal resolution of the seven old actors to beg on the streets. Needless murder artists, writers and scientists – for the material needs occur daily.
Need undermines faith in capitalism to intellectual circles, brings together intellectuals with the revolutionary proletariat. The ruling classes are trying to reduce the number of young people in school, delay the growth of the intelligentsia. Especially vigorously the policy is carried out in fascist countries. According to official statistics, in 1932 it was 145 thousand students in Germany. In the 1935/36 academic year, there are only 76,000. The number of women – students fell from 25,000 in 1932 to 13,000 in 1936, access to higher education little-poor in every way hampered. The tuition fee in higher education in recent years has increased twice.